Shakhriyar Mamedyarov

Shakhriyar Hamid oglu Mamedyarov (Azerbaijani: Şəhriyar Həmid oğlu Məmmədyarov; born 12 April 1985) is an Azerbaijani chess grandmaster. He is ranked as No. 1 in Azerbaijan and No. 3 in the world as of September 2018. His personal best rating of 2820 makes him the sixth-highest-rated player of all times in chess history. Mamedyarov has competed in the Candidates Tournament in 2011 (eliminated in quarterfinals), in 2014 (placing fourth) and in 2018 (placing second). He is a two-time World Junior Champion (2003 and 2005) and was World Rapid Champion in 2013. A gold medalist at the 2012 Chess Olympiad on the third board, he is a three-time European Team Champion (2009, 2013, 2017) with Azerbaijan. He is also a two-time winner at Tal Memorial (2010 joint and 2014 Blitz) and Shamkir Chess (2016 and 2017), as well as the winner of 2018 Biel Chess Festival where he beat reigning World Champion Magnus Carlsen. Biography In 2003 he won the World Junior Chess Championship.[1] He repeated his victory in 2005, becoming the only two-time champion, achieving a 2953 performance rating after eight rounds,[2] earning an invitation to the Essent Tournament 2006 in Hoogeveen, and after winning this one and the 2007 edition, Mamedyarov achieved world fame.[3] In 2005 Mamedyarov competed at the European Club Cup and had the second highest performance rating (2913) among all of the participants (Vassily Ivanchuk had the highest). Mamedyarov attained joint first place at the Aeroflot Open in Moscow in February 2006, with a score of 6½/9.[4] In May he won the combined FiNet/Ordix rapd event.[5] In October 2006, he won the closed Essent Chess Tournament in Hoogeveen with 4½/6, beating Judit Polgár on Sonneborn-Berger.[6] At the Chess World Cup 2007 Mamedyarov reached the third round where he was knocked out by Ivan Cheparinov. In 2008 he won the Corsican Circuit rapid knockout. In 2009 he won the Mainz Ordix Open with 10/11.[7] In 2010, he tied for first place with Vladimir Kramnik and Gata Kamsky at the President’s Cup in Baku,[8] followed by joint first in the Tal Memorial.[9] In June 2013, Mamedyarov won the World Rapid Chess Championship, scoring 11½/15.[10] The next month he won the Geneva Masters rapid event.[11] In November 2014, he won the Tal Memorial for the second time.[12] In June 2016, Mamedyarov won the 3rd Shamkir Chess Tournament, the Vugar Gashimov Memorial. He defeated both top seeds Fabiano Caruana and Anish Giri in the last two rounds, which put him in a tiebreak situation with Caruana. He defeated Caruana in the tiebreak, thus giving him tournament victory. In April 2017, Mamedyarov won the Vugar Gashimov Memorial for the second year in a row with a score of 5½/9.[13] In April 2018, he participated in the fifth edition of the Gashimov Memorial, finishing fourth with a score of 4½/9 (+1–1=7).[14] From 28 May to 7 June 2018, he competed in the sixth edition of Norway Chess, placing seventh with 3½/8 (+0–1=7).[15] World Championship cycles In 2011, Mamedyarov was the tournament organisers' nominee, qualifying him for the Candidates tournament for the World Chess Championship 2012,[16] where he lost to Boris Gelfand in the first round.[17] In the 2014 cycle, he qualified for the Candidates tournament by coming second in the FIDE Grand Prix 2012–13. He finished fourth in the Candidates, with a score of 7/14. He failed to qualify for the 2016 Candidates. He came sixth in the FIDE Grand Prix 2014–15, and was knocked out in the quarter finals of the Chess World Cup 2015 by eventual winner Sergey Karjakin. In the 2018 cycle, he qualified for the Candidates Tournament 2018 by winning the FIDE Grand Prix 2017. He finished as a runner-up in Candidates one point behind Caruana, with a score of 8/14. Team competitions He played for Azerbaijan at the Chess Olympiads of 2000, 2002, 2004, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2014, 2016 and 2018.[18] In 2009,2013 and 2017 he won the team gold medal for Azerbaijan at the European Team Chess Championship, having won the bronze medal in 2007 and silver in 2011.[19][20] Personal life His personal trainer is his father, who is a former boxer. His parents are from Zangilan District, which is now occupied by Armenia. His family came to then flourishing industrial city of Azerbaijan, Sumqayit, in 1980 as a worker, where Shakhriyar was born and trained as a chess player. Mamedyarov has two sisters, Zeinab Mamedyarova and Turkan Mamedyarova, who are Woman Grandmasters.[21] Mamedyarov got married in 2012.[22] Notable tournament victories Mamedyarov at the closing ceremony of the 2016 Shamkir Chess tournament. Mamedyarov at the closing ceremony of the 2016 Shamkir Chess tournament. 2018 Biel Chess Festival, 1st[23] 2017 FIDE Grand Prix, 1st[24] 2017 Gashimov Memorial (4th annual Shamkir Chess tournament)[25] 2016 Gashimov Memorial (3rd annual Shamkir Chess tournament) 2014 Tal Memorial (Blitz), 1st[26] 2013 Beijing FIDE Grand Prix 2012–2013, 1st[27] 2013 Geneva Chess Masters, Rapid (knock-out format), 1st[28] 2013 World Rapid Chess Championship Khanty-Mansiysk, 1st 2010 Tal Memorial, joint 1st[29] 2010 The President's Cup, joint 1st[30] 2009 Chess Classic, Mainz, 1st[31] 2008 Rapid Tournament, Corsica, 1st[32] 2007 Rapid Tournament, Czech Republic, 1st 2006 Hoogeveen Essent Tournament, 1st[33] 2006 Ordix Open, joint 1st[34] 2006 Aeroflot Open, Moscow, Russia, joint 1st[35] 2006 Reykjavík Open, joint 1st[36] 2006 The President's Cup, Baku, Azerbaijan 1st[37] 2005 World Junior Championship (Under-20) 2004 Dubai Open, Dubai, 1st[38] 2003 Under-18 World Championship[39] 2003 World Junior Championship (Under-20), Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan[40]